Yusuf ibn Ali al-Sanhaji («Sidi Yussef Ben Ali», d
Following the death of the brand new Alawite scion Ali al-Sharif inside 1640, their kid Muley Muhammad turned the head of your own loved ones and expanded the popularity in your community. Up to 1659, among Muhammed’s brothers, Muley al-Rashid was expelled out-of Tafilalet (or kept by himself agreement) and you will went on to wander as much as Morocco, ultimately settling from inside the Taza, where he quickly been able to carve aside a tiny fief having themselves. Muley Muhammad, who’d his personal hopes and dreams across the country, experienced their sis, but try beaten and you can murdered outside Taza within the 1664. Al-Rashid grabbed the household dominions away from Talifalet therefore the Draa valley (and therefore Muhammad had defeated in 1660). With our increased angles, Muley al-Rashid had the wherewithal so you’re able to release a campaign out of conquest more the rest of Morocco.
Al-Rashid already been their campaign away from Taza on north and you may entered Fez for the 1666, in which he was stated sultan. Two years later, he defeated the fresh Dili marabouts one to controlled the middle Atlas. Muley al-Rashid proceeded southern to recapture Marrakesh inside the 1669, massacring the brand new Shabana Arabs along the way. He then continued into brand new Sous, beating it from the 1670, and therefore reunifying Morocco (save with the coastal areas, that would take some longer). Al-Rashid is sometimes paid into the constructing this new shrine and you will mosque from Qadi Iyad («Cadi Ayyad») when you look at the Marrakesh, where the remains off their dad, Ali al-Sharif, stem of your own Alawite dynasty, was in fact translated. Two later Alawite rulers (Moulay Suleiman and you may Muhammad IV) do favor getting buried right here as well.
Ismail’s discipline out of Marrakesh failed to avoid indeed there
Into al-Rashid’s demise when you look at the April 1672, Marrakesh refused to claim allegiance to their cousin and you can successor Ismail Ibn Sharif, that has served while the vice-roy when you look at the Fez. Rather, Marrakeshis picked his nephew Ahmad ibn Muhriz . Ismail promptly marched southern area, outdone Ahmad and inserted Marrakesh inside Summer 1672. But Ibn Muhriz escaped and you will escaped toward Sous, off whence he would go back for the 1674, capture Marrakesh as well as fortify himself around. Ismail are obligated to return and you may set a two-season siege towards town. Marrakesh finally decrease to help you physical violence in Summer 1677, and that time Muley Ismail took his revenge with the city, offering they off to the bed room. Ibn Muhriz, not, had escaped to the Sous again and you may perform is actually a number of far more moments to recover they, until he was finally monitored off and you will killed in the 1687.
Ismail built his investment at Meknes, constructing their regal palaces indeed there having product stripped about palaces and you will houses of Marrakesh. The majority of the https://datingranking.net/es/citas-religiosas/ fresh new Kasbah, lovingly built up because of the Saadians, is actually stripped bare and remaining for the spoils, since the was other Saadian palaces in the city. Al-Mansur’s higher al-Badi palace try about dismantled and you may carted over to Meknes, the fresh Abu al-Hasan Madrasa entirely thus.
However, Ismail’s legacy from inside the Marrakesh wasn’t purely malicious. Ismail interpreted of numerous tombs of Sufi new orleans saints in the area so you’re able to Marrakesh, and you will erected multiple the shrines in their mind. Seeking imitate the good pilgrimage festivals away from Essaouira, Ismail requested brand new Sufi sheikh Abu Ali al-Hassan al-Yusi to pick eight ones to help you act as the fresh new «Eight Saints» (Sab’atu Rijal) out of Marrakesh, and establish a separate pilgrimage festival. For one few days when you look at the late February, the brand new pilgrims need head to the eight shrines within the necessary buy (roughly anticlockwise): 1. 1197), only away from Bab Aghmat about the southern part of, 2. Qadi Iyad («Cadi Ayyad ben Moussa», d.1149), in the Bab Aylan regarding eastern, step three. Abu al-Abbas al-Sabti («Sidi Bel Abbes», d.1204), by Bab Taghzout regarding north (note: this new pilgrimage station out of 2 to 3 seats always beyond your east area wall structure, and you may re also-enters within Bab este-Khemis, so you’re able to reach the fresh new shrines out-of Sidi este-Djebbab and Sidi Ghanem in the process, while they commonly a portion of the Eight); regarding Bab Tahgzhout, the new pilgrimage street heads straight southern area through the middle of your city, checking out from inside the series the newest shrines out of cuatro. Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli («Sidi Ben Slimane», d. 1465), merely south the earlier, 5. Abd al-Aziz al-Tabba («Sidi Abdel Aziz el-Harrar», 1508), just west of brand new Ben Youssef Mosque, six. Abdallah al-Ghazwani («Sidi Mouley el-Ksour», d.1528), following next the al-Mouassine Mosque then leaving the metropolis again, through the Bab al-Robb gate (to the west of the fresh new Kasbah) to reach the very last shrine eight. Abd al-Rahman al-Suhayli («Sidi parece-Souheli», d.1185), outside of the town on southwest.